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Sexual Harassment (Title IX)

What Is Title IX?

Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 prohibits sex discrimination in education, including K-12 schools. Title IX is a federal law that has been used to promote equity in education by ensuring that girls and women receive equal resources and treatment in the classroom and provides protections for students who are sexually harassed and discriminated against and/or bullied based on their gender.

In addition to this federal law, the California Education code similarly prohibits schools discriminating against its students on the basis of sex (Education Codes 220-221.1).

Definition of Sexual Harassment

Sexual harassment includes verbal, visual or physical conduct of a sexual nature which may have a negative impact upon the victim’s academic or work performance or creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive educational/work environment.

Specific examples of sexual harassment

Sexual harassment may include, but is not limited to:

  1. Unwelcome written, verbal, physical, and/or visual contact with sexual overtones such as slurs, jokes, touching, blocking movement, sexual cartoons or drawings, and obscene language.
  2. Continuing to express sexual interest after being informed that the interest is unwelcome.
  3. Dating violence
  4. Sexting (sending sexually explicit photos or text) or exchanging explicit photos with friends.
  5. Bullying based on gender, gender expression, gender identity, or sexual orientation.
  6. Sexual assault
  7. Electronic postings with sexual overtones on Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, YikYak, or other social media.

Who Is Covered Under Title IX?

  1. Harassment by students
  2. Harassment by administrators/teachers/staff
  3. Harassment by volunteers or school visitors

SFUSD sexual harassment and anti-discrimination policies

Sexual harassment is also in violation of San Francisco Unified School District Board and Administrative policies. All forms of sexual harassment, whether student to student, staff to student, or student to staff, are unlawful at SFUSD schools.

How to File a Title IX/Sexual Harssment Complaint?

A sexual harassment complaint may be filed with the school site principal or his/her designee or a teacher at the school site. If the individual feels uncomfortable, the complaint may be filed with the Title IX Coordinator/Director of the Office of Equity. Complaint forms are available at each school and at the Office of Equity. Complaints may also be made verbally.

SFUSD Resources

Additional Resources