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Language Pathways

Descriptions and Eligibility Requirements

1. DUAL LANGUAGE PATHWAY
2. BILITERACY PATHWAY
3. SECONDARY DUAL LANGUAGE PATHWAY
4. WORLD LANGUAGE PATHWAY
5. ENGLISH PLUS PATHWAY
6. NEWCOMER PATHWAY

1. DUAL LANGUAGE PATHWAY

A. DUAL LANGUAGE LEARNER PRE-KINDERGARTEN (Cantonese and Spanish)

The Dual Language Learner Pre-Kindergarten Pathways located at Early Education sites are designed to ensure both English Learners and English proficient students develop high levels of English and pathway language proficiency and literacy, as well as academic competency.

Student Population
This program is designed for: (1) English Learners whose home language is Cantonese or Spanish; (2) bilingual students who speak Cantonese or Spanish and English; and (3) English proficient students.

Instruction
Instruction will occur approximately 70% of the time in Cantonese and 80% of the time in Spanish in each respective pathway.  To create rich context for learning, languages are separated by place and time blocks in classrooms that are organized to create focal points for pathway language and English instruction.

Eligibility
All students applying for a seat in a Dual Language Learner Pre-Kindergarten are eligible regardless of language proficiency in the pathway language and English.  Students who participate in the Dual Language Learner Pre-Kindergarten are NOT guaranteed a seat in the respective Elementary Dual Language Immersion or Biliteracy Pathway at their school site or in the district.

 

Language

Schools with Dual Language Learner Pre-Kindergarten

CANTONESE

  • ER Taylor Elementary PK
  • Las Americas Early Education School at Moscone
  • Noriega Early Education School
  • Commodore Stockton Early Education School

SPANISH

  • Bret Harte Elementary School        
  • Bryant Elementary School
  • César Chávez Elementary School 
  • Fairmount Elementary School        
  • Las Americas Early Education School at Moscone
  • Paul Revere Elementary School

B. K-5 DUAL LANGUAGE IMMERSION PATHWAY (Cantonese, Korean, Mandarin, or Spanish)

The Dual Language Immersion Pathway is designed to ensure both English Learners and English proficient students develop high levels of English and pathway language proficiency and literacy, as well as academic competency.

Student Population
This program is designed for: (1) English Learners whose home language is Cantonese, Korean, Mandarin, or Spanish; (2) bilingual students who speak Cantonese, Korean, Mandarin, or Spanish and English; and (3) English proficient students.

Instruction
In kindergarten, instruction will occur approximately 80% of the time in the pathway language. The percentage of instruction in English increases from year to year. By fifth grade, 50% of instruction is in English and 50% of instruction is in the pathway language.

English Learners who begin schooling in the primary grades through the Dual Language Immersion Pathway are expected to achieve English proficiency by the end of elementary school and to be re-designated to Fluent English Proficient status. Because the Dual Language Immersion Pathway aims to produce high-level bilingual/biliterate students with native-like proficiency in both languages, all students are strongly encouraged to continue in the Secondary Dual Language Pathway through 12th grade.

Eligibility
In order to provide effective and continuous Dual Language Immersion Pathways K-12, the district will institute processes during the kindergarten and 1st grade enrollment to assign an appropriate balance of students who are proficient in the pathway language (2/3 to 1/2) and students who have not demonstrated proficiency in the pathway language (1/3 to 1/2) per grade level and classroom. 

Prior to student enrollment in the district, student’s parents/guardians complete the SFUSD’s Home Language Survey (HLS) on the enrollment application.

For kindergarten and first grade:

  • If the survey indicates that a language other than English is spoken with or by the student in the home, the student will be assessed to evaluate his/her proficiency in the pathway language. 
  • If the student meets the proficiency level on the assessment, then he/she will go into the pathway language pool. 
  • If the student demonstrates limited proficiencies on the assessment, the student will be placed in the non-pathway language pool.
  • If the survey indicates that only English is spoken in the home, the student will not be automatically assessed and will be placed into the non-pathway language pool.  Parents may request that their child be assessed in the pathway language.  If the student meets the proficiency level on the assessment, he/she will be placed in the pathway language pool.

For grades 2 to 5, the following students are eligible to apply:

  • Students currently enrolled in a SFUSD Biliteracy Pathway, Dual Language Immersion Pathway or Newcomer Pathway in the respective pathway language; OR
  • Students who are not enrolled in the respective SFUSD language pathway or are new to SFUSD and demonstrate grade level proficiency in the pathway language on the assessment given at the EPC.

If the student does not meet the eligibility requirements above, his/her request for this language pathway will be dropped from his/her application.  See the “Language Assessment” section for more information.

 

Language

K-5 and K-8 Schools with Dual Language Immersion Pathway

CANTONESE

  • Chinese Immersion School at De Avila
  • Garfield
  • West Portal

KOREAN

  • Claire Lilienthal

MANDARIN

  • Starr King
  • Jose Ortega
SPANISH
  • Alvarado
  • Bret Harte
  • Buena Vista Horace Mann
  • Daniel Webster   
  • Fairmount
  • Leonard R. Flynn
  • Marshall
  • Monroe
  • Paul Revere

At the secondary level, the elementary Dual Language Immersion and Biliteracy Pathways merge into the Secondary Dual Language Pathway where students take two academic classes in the pathway language.

C. ALICE FONG YU K-8 CHINESE IMMERSION PILOT PROGRAM

In the 2012-13 school year, Alice Fong Yu transitioned to a new “Alice Fong Yu Chinese Immersion Pilot Program” (hereafter referred to as the “Pilot”) that continues and enhances the school’s tradition of providing a comprehensive and challenging academic program as well as a variety of enrichment activities for all students.  The goals of the Pilot are to:

  • Maintain a high academic foundation for all students;
  • Support language acquisition in both Chinese (Cantonese & Mandarin) and English for all students;
  • Foster and build cultural understanding and respect for all; and
  • Within the limitations of the student applicant pool, increase overall student diversity including (but not limited to) English Learners, Special Education students, and students from different ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds.

Student Population
This pilot program is designed for: (1) English Learners; and (2) English proficient students.

Instruction
In kindergarten, instruction will occur approximately 80% of the time in Cantonese. The percentage of instruction in English increases from year to year. By fifth grade, 50% of instruction is in English and 50% of instruction is in Cantonese. In 6th grade, students begin to study Mandarin as a world language in addition to Cantonese.

Eligibility
The purpose of the Pilot is to implement a program that evaluates an alternate student ratio that effectively accomplishes the above goals.  The proportion of potential English Learners will be between 1/3 and 2/3, and the corresponding proportion of English-only students will be between 2/3 and 1/3.

Prior to enrollment in the district, the student’s parents/guardians complete the SFUSD’s Home Language Survey (HLS) on the enrollment application.

For kindergarten and first grade:

  • If the survey indicates that a language other than English is spoken with or by the student in the home, the student will be placed in the potential English Learner assignment pool.
  • If the survey indicates that only English is spoken in the home, the student will be placed into the English-only assignment pool. 

For grades 2 to 8, the following students are eligible to apply:

  • Students currently enrolled in a SFUSD Cantonese Biliteracy Pathway, Cantonese Immersion Pathway or Cantonese Newcomer Pathway; OR
  • Students who are not enrolled in a SFUSD Cantonese language pathway or are new to SFUSD and meet the proficiency level on the Cantonese assessment given at the EPC

If the student does not meet the eligibility requirements above, his/her request for this language pathway will be dropped from his/her application.  See the “Language Assessment” section for more information.

2. BILITERACY PATHWAY (Cantonese or Spanish)

The Biliteracy Pathway is designed to ensure English Learners develop high levels of English and home language proficiency and literacy, as well as high levels of academic competency.  The Biliteracy Pathway provides an effective academic program for English Learners.

Student Population
This program is designed for potential English Learners who are native speakers of Cantonese or Spanish.

Instruction   
For Spanish, in kindergarten and 1st grade, the target language is used for approximately 50 - 80% of the instruction. Instruction in English increases each year. By the 5th grade, instruction is at least 50% in English.  For Cantonese, a non-alphabetic language, the primary language is used for 50% of the instruction based on existing district models. 

English Learners who begin schooling in the primary grades through the Biliteracy Pathway are expected to achieve English proficiency by the end of elementary school and to be re-designated to Fluent English Proficient status.  Because the Biliteracy Pathway aims to produce high-level bilingual/biliterate students with native-like proficiency in both languages, all students are strongly encouraged to continue in the Secondary Dual Language Pathway through 12th grade.

Eligibility   
Prior to student enrollment in the district, the student’s parents/guardians complete the SFUSD’s Home Language Survey (HLS) on the enrollment application.

For kindergarten and first grade:

  • If the survey indicates that the pathway language is spoken with or by the student in the home, K-1 applicants are eligible to apply for the Biliteracy Pathway.
  • If the survey indicates that only English or a non-pathway language is spoken in the home, the student will not be eligible for the Biliteracy Pathway and their request for this language pathway will be dropped from their application.

For grades 2 to 5, the following students are eligible to apply:

  • Students who listed the respective pathway language on their home language survey and meet the proficiency level on the grade level pathway language assessment; OR
  • Students currently enrolled in a SFUSD Biliteracy Pathway or elementary Newcomer Pathway in the respective pathway language; OR
  • English Learner students who are currently enrolled in the respective SFUSD Dual Language Immersion Pathway.

If the student does not meet the eligibility requirements above, his/her request for this language pathway will be dropped from his/her application.  See the “Language Assessment” section for more information.

 

Language

K-5 Schools with Biliteracy Pathway         

CANTONESE 

  • E.R. Taylor
  • Moscone
  • Lau
  • Hillcrest
  • Parker 
  • Chin (K-2)
  • Monroe
  • Spring Valley
  • Sutro
  • Ulloa
  • Visitacion Valley 

SPANISH 

  • Bryant
  • Chavez
  • Cleveland
  • E.R. Taylor
  • Moscone
  • Glen Park
  • Guadalupe 
  • Hillcrest
  • Muir
  • Junipero Serra
  • Longfellow
  • Sanchez
  • Spring Valley

At the secondary level, the elementary Dual Language Immersion and Biliteracy Pathways merge into the Secondary Dual Language Pathway where students take two academic classes in the pathway language.

3. SECONDARY DUAL LANGUAGE PATHWAY

At the secondary level, the elementary Dual Language Immersion and Biliteracy Pathways merge into the Secondary Dual Language Pathway where students take two academic classes in the pathway language.

Student Population
The Secondary Dual Language Pathway is designed for: (1) students who are native speakers of the pathway language; (2) native English speakers; and (3) bilingual students who all now possess pathway language proficiency.

Instruction
At the secondary level starting at grade 6, the elementary Dual Language Immersion and Biliteracy Pathways will merge into the Secondary Dual Language Pathway for each respective language where students take at least two academic classes in the pathway language.  For the Secondary Dual Language Pathway in Cantonese starting in grade 6, students will study both Cantonese and Mandarin.

Eligibility   
Prior to student enrollment in the district, the student’s parents/guardians complete the SFUSD’s Home Language Survey (HLS) on the enrollment application.

For middle and high schools, the following students are eligible to apply for the Secondary Dual Language Pathway:

  • Students who demonstrate grade level proficiency in the pathway language assessment given at the EPC.

If the student does not meet the eligibility requirements above, his/her request for this language pathway will be dropped from his/her application.  See the “Language Assessment” section for more information.

 

Language

Schools with Secondary Dual Language Pathway

CANTONESE (includes one course in Mandarin) 

  • Herbert Hoover MS (6-8)
  • Marina MS (6-7)1
  • Roosevelt MS (6-8)
  • Alice Fong Yu Immersion Pilot (6-8)2
  • Galileo HS (9-11)3
  • Lincoln HS (12) 

KOREAN 

  • Claire Lilienthal K-8 

MANDARIN 

  • Aptos MS (6-8)
  • Lincoln HS (9-11)3 

SPANISH 

  • Buena Vista Horace Mann (6-8)2
  • Everett MS (6-8)
  • Herbert Hoover (6-8)
  • James Lick MS (6-8)
  • Paul Revere (6-8)2
  • John O’Connell HS (9-11)3 

1 Each year another grade level will be added until 8th grade.
2 Elementary students enrolled in Immersion, or other pathways and demonstrate grade level proficiency in the pathway language, at another site may request to enroll in a K-8 school at the middle school grade levels.
3 Each year another grade level will be added until 12th grade.

4. WORLD LANGUAGE PATHWAY

A. FOREIGN LANGUAGE IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
(FLES) PATHWAY (Filipino, Italian or Japanese)

Students in a FLES Pathway develop competency in a second language in addition to becoming fully proficient in English. Participation in a FLES Pathway results in second language proficiency that is culturally appropriate and applicable in a real-world setting.

Student Population
This program is designed for all students including English Learners. It also provides native English speakers a chance to develop a second language. The spiraling nature of the curriculum allows students to enter a FLES pathway at any grade (with the exception of middle school), thereby providing multiple entry points for students who wish to become proficient in a second or third language.

Instruction
Instruction in the target language may vary from 30 to 60 minutes per day, three to five days-per-week and is delivered by a language-proficient classroom teacher or a dedicated language-proficient instructor. The curriculum is standards-based and reinforces concepts taught in math, science, and/or social studies. The curriculum integrates the target language and its cultures to promote meaningful communication. Additional instructional support is provided for students who enter FLES Pathways in the upper elementary grades.

 

Foreign Language in Elementary School (FLES) Pathway

Filipino

  • Bessie Carmichael School
  • Longfellow Elementary School 
K to 5
K to 5

Italian

  • Clarendon Elementary School
K to 5

Japanese

  • Clarendon Elementary School  
  • Rosa Parks Elementary School  
K to 5
K to 5

B. SECONDARY WORLD LANGUAGE PROGRAM (Cantonese, Filipino, French, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Latin, Mandarin, and Spanish)

Students in a secondary world language program develop academic, literacy, and social skills in a second language. Students learn to interact in interpersonal conversations, interpret texts, and present  information in the target language.  Students may take College Board approved Advanced Placement courses for the languages in which they are offered: Chinese (Mandarin), French, Japanese, and Spanish.

Student Population
This program is designed for all students: English Learners and native English speakers, including students who were enrolled in the Foreign Language in Elementary School (FLES) Pathway.

Instruction
Instruction is delivered in the target language with the aid of visuals, props, and materials to facilitate comprehension. The curriculum is standards-based and connected to other disciplines by reinforcing concepts taught in math, science, and/or social studies. The curriculum also integrates the target language and its cultures to promote meaningful communication.

Secondary World Language Programs
 

Middle Schools

  • Aptos (Mandarin)
  • Willie Brown (Spanish)
  • James Lick (Spanish)
  • Marina (Mandarin & Spanish)
  • Presidio (Japanese & Spanish)
  • Roosevelt (Mandarin)

High Schools

  • Asawa School of the Arts (Italian & Spanish)
  • Balboa (Filipino, French, Mandarin & Spanish)
  • Burton (French, Mandarin & Spanish)
  • Downtown (Spanish)
  • Galileo (French, Mandarin & Spanish)
  • Independence (Mandarin & Spanish)
  • June Jordan (Spanish)
  • Lincoln (French, Japanese, Mandarin & Spanish)
  • Lowell (French, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Latin, Mandarin & Spanish)
  • Marshall (Mandarin & Spanish)
  • Mission (Mandarin & Spanish)
  • O’Connell (Spanish)
  • The Academy - San Francisco @ McAteer (Spanish)
  • Wallenberg (Mandarin & Spanish)
  • Washington (French, Japanese, Mandarin & Spanish)
  • Wells (Spanish)

5. ENGLISH PLUS PATHWAY

The English Plus Pathway is designed to ensure English Learners develop English language proficiency and academic competency.

Student Population
The English Plus Pathway is designed for (1) English Learners from low incidence languages where it is not feasible for the district to offer a language pathway; and (2) English Learners whose parents wish for their children to be in an intensive English instruction program.

Instruction
Teachers in the English Plus Pathway use differentiated instruction and intentionally designed scaffolds to help English Learners access core content.  Students are provided with primary language support when available.  Students receive at least 30 minutes per day of Designated English Language Development (ELD) instruction in addition to Integrated ELD during content instruction. The English Plus Pathway provides the basic services guaranteed for English Learners by SFUSD as required by California law.

English Plus Pathway is available at all school sites, except whole school dual language sites (Buena Vista Horace Mann, CIS at De Avila, Fairmount, Marshall, and Alice Fong Yu) and whole school newcomer sites (Chinese Education Center and Mission Education Center).

6. NEWCOMER PATHWAY (Chinese, Spanish, and All Languages)

The Newcomer Pathway is designed to help recently arrived immigrant English Learner students adjust to their new language and culture.  At the elementary level, it is a one-year program (with the possibility of a second year as needed).  At middle and high school, students may stay in the Newcomer Pathway for multiple years as needed.  In addition to academic support, Newcomers have access to resources and referrals to student support services, i.e. physical and mental health, housing, and legal services.

Student Population
The Newcomer Pathway serves recently arrived immigrant English Learner students who need a period of adjustment and orientation before entering a language pathway or English Plus Pathway.

Instruction
The curriculum includes transition support and primary language instruction or support (when available) in academic areas at grade level. The pathway also addresses academic gaps due to differences in national schooling systems or gaps in prior schooling. Students receive intensive Designated English Language Development consisting of at least two periods of English taught at the appropriate linguistic proficiency level. All non-Designated ELD academic classes are taught either through the primary language or in English with Integrated ELD and strategies designed to help English Learners access and engage in academic core instruction.  The district currently offers primary language instruction for Newcomer students in Chinese and Spanish. As students exit the Newcomer Pathway, they transition to a language pathway or English Plus Pathway.

As part of the high school Newcomer Pathway, Students with Interrupted Formal Education (SIFE) may be identified and receive additional support to be successful in formal schooling in the United States.  SIFE students may have significant gaps in schooling and/or formal education which began after age 8.  SIFE who are English Learners may require additional literacy or numeracy classes in order to access and engage in academic core instruction.

Eligibility   
Prior to student enrollment in the district, the student’s parents/guardians complete the SFUSD’s Home Language Survey (HLS) on the enrollment application.

An applicant must meet the following eligibility requirements:

  • Student listed a language other than English on his/her home language survey; AND
  • Student entered the U.S. within 1 year of requested enrollment; AND
  • Student scored at level 1 or 2 on the California English Language Development Test (CELDT) or has no test results available.

If the student does not meet the above eligibility requirements, his/her request for this pathway will be dropped from his/her application.

Newcomer Pathway

Chinese

  • Chinese Education Center
  • Lincoln High School
  • San Francisco International
K to 5
9 to 12
9 to 12

Spanish


  • Mission Education Center
  • San Francisco International
K to 5
9 to 12

All Newcomer Languages

 

  • Everett Middle School
  • Francisco Middle School
  • Marina Middle School
  • Visitacion Valley Middle School
  • Balboa High School
  • Galileo High School
  • Lincoln High School
  • Thurgood Marshall High School
  • Mission High School
  • S.F. International High School4 
  • Washington High School
6 to 8
6 to 8
6 to 8
6 to 8
9 to 10
9 to 12
9 to 12
9 to 12
9 to 12
9 to 12
9 to 12

4 S.F. International High School is especially designed for immigrant English Learners who arrived in the U.S. within the last 4 years.  English Learners can complete all four years of their high school education at S.F. International High School and graduate with a high school diploma and may be eligible for admission to a four-year college.

 

Japanese Bilingual Bicultural Pathway (JBBP) at Presidio

Read the Language Assessment section more information.

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