Grade 4-5 Math


The Grade 4–5 scope and sequence has been designed to intentionally align places where the 5th grade standards extend and build on the 4th grade standards. In Grade 4, the emphasis is whole number operations. In Grade 5, students extend this understanding to perform operations with decimals. You can read the Grade 4–5 Family Letters (available in English and Spanish) to learn more about the math content taught in a Grade 4–5 classroom.

Students using a Venn diagram to categorize quadrilaterals based on parallel and perpendicular sides

In Grade 4, instructional time should focus on three critical areas:

  1. developing understanding and fluency with multi-digit multiplication and developing understanding of dividing to find quotients involving multi-digit dividends;
  2. developing an understanding of fraction equivalence, addition, and subtraction of fractions with like denominators, and multiplication of fractions by whole numbers;
  3. understanding that geometric figures can be analyzed and classified based on their properties, such as having parallel sides, perpendicular sides, particular angle measures, and symmetry.
Students discussing where to place fractions on a number line

In Grade 5, instructional time should focus on three critical areas:

  1. developing fluency with addition and subtraction of fractions, and developing understanding of the multiplication of fractions and of division of fractions in limited cases (unit fractions divided by whole numbers and whole numbers divided by unit fractions);
  2. extending division to 2-digit divisors, integrating decimal fractions into the place value system and developing understanding of operations with decimals to hundredths, and developing fluency with whole number and decimal operations; and
  3. developing understanding of volume.

This page was last updated on June 29, 2022