First Grade - English Language Arts

Overview

English Language Arts 125 Min Daily

Foundational Skills Block:

  • Phonics
  • Phonological/ Phonemic Awareness 
  • Skills application in continuous texts (reading and writing) (i.e. decodable readers)
  • Other components (letter recognition, letter formation, high-frequency words, etc..)
45 min

Literacy Centers and Small Group Differentiated Reading Instruction​​​​​

30 min

Reading & Writing Block:

  • Mini-lessons
  • Anchor text and Shared Reading & Writing 
  • Responding to text orally and in writing 
  • Student Writing
50 min

Priority Standards

What students will know, what students will do, and what thinking skills students will develop to apply and transfer English Language Arts understandings that endure within the discipline, leverage deeper understandings, and/or support readiness for success at the next grade level.

In first grade focus on these critical areas:

Instruction: Signature Elements

Below are signature elements of SFUSD English Language Arts instruction that students should experience regularly throughout first grade as they develop their English reading, writing, speaking, & listening identities.

Materials

Below are items you should have to support your students' ELA instruction. If you are missing anything from the list, please first contact your site administrator or designated support. If they are unable to resolve the issue promptly, please contact abdelhamidr@sfusd.edu from the SFUSD Elementary ELA Team Team.

ELA K-5 Planning & Resources Website 
1st Grade Foundational Skills Scope & Sequence
 

 

The following are physical materials found at your site or in your classroom: 

  1. F&P Phonics, Spelling & Word Study (unpacking video
  2. Benchmark Decodable Texts (Benchmark Text Overview and Scope and Sequence)
  3. F&P Benchmark Assessment System

Units

First Grade Year at a Glance

Units Description
Launching

The launching unit teaches students the routines and structures of Literacy learning while building a positive classroom community and celebrating the literacy knowledge students bring to the classroom. Over the course of the Launching unit students will:

  • Build community and develop relationships with others
  • Participate in literacy instruction rooted in the regular and systematic instruction of the multiple components of a comprehensive approach to literacy, anchored in Gholdy Muhammad’s Historically Responsive Literacy Framework
  • Practice structures and routines to support their reading and writing development
  • Celebrate their literacy learning experiences
  • Cultivate partnerships and collaborate with others
  • Develop their’ reading, writing, listening, and speaking skills
     
Spiral 1: Narrative

This spiral reimagines both fiction and nonfiction text through the lens of historically and culturally responsive pedagogy. There is an emphasis not only on skills, but identity, criticality, intellect, and JOY. Over the course of the spiral students will:

  • Develop confidence and gain independence in reading and thinking about books- through shared reading, independent reading, and interactive read-aloud. 
  • Study how words work through foundational routines, reading decodable texts,  and practice with the F&P phonics, spelling, and word study curriculum. 
  • Write stories and teaching books that are connected to their identities. The throughline in each of these components is that students will 
  • Continuously develop relationships and build community via whole class, small group, and partnership conversations.
     
Spital 2: Informative/Explanatory

This spiral supports students in building their ability to read and write informational texts. There is an emphasis not only on skills, but identity, criticality, intellect, and JOY. Over the course of the spiral students will:

  • Build their intellect by independently reading, engaging in interactive read aloud, and shared reading of nonfiction text
  • Study how words work through foundational routines, reading decodable texts,  and practice with the F&P phonics, spelling, and word study curriculum. 
  • Write all about or how-to books that are connected to Amplify science units
  • Continuously develop relationships and build community via whole class, small group, and partnership conversations.
     
Spiral 3: Opinion/Argument

This spiral supports students in building their ability to read and write both narrative and persuasive texts. There is an emphasis not only on skills, but identity, criticality, intellect, and JOY. Over the course of the spiral students will:

  • Build their intellect as they engage in interactive read-aloud, individual and partnership reading on activism and activists
  • Study how words work through foundational routines, reading decodable texts and practice with the F&P phonics, spelling, and word study curriculum. 
  • Write persuasive pieces that are connected to their social justice identities and 
  • Continuously develop relationships and build community via whole class, small group, and partnership conversations.
     
Spiral 3.5: Revisiting Narrative

This spiral supports students in getting to know characters in books deeply by performing their books, as well as using their knowledge of characters to develop their own writing series. . There is an emphasis not only on skills, but identity, criticality, intellect, and JOY. Over the course of the spiral students will:

  • Embody characters by bringing them to life through performance
  • Write stories in which they create a pretend character and write them into different stories
  • Study how words work through foundational routines, reading decodable texts and practice with the F&P phonics, spelling, and word study curriculum. 
  • Continuously develop relationships and build community via whole class, small group, and partnership conversations.

 

Unit that are used in this spiral:  

Spiral 4: Research

This spiral supports students in building their ability to read and write both narrative and informational texts. There is an emphasis not only on skills, but identity, criticality, intellect, and JOY. Over the course of the spiral students will:

  • Build their intellect by independently reading, engaging in interactive read-aloud, and shared reading of both fiction and nonfiction text
  • Study how words work through foundational routines, reading decodable texts and practice with the F&P phonics, spelling, and word study curriculum. 
  • Write informational pieces that are connected to the Spinning Earth Amplify science unit 
  • Continuously develop relationships and build community via whole class, small group, and partnership conversations.
     

Planning Guide

2022 - 2023 Scope & Sequence

Unit Timeframe
Launching 3 weeks
Spiral 1: Narrative 8 weeks
Spiral 2: Informative/Explanatory 8 weeks
Spiral 3: Opinion/Argument 8 weeks
Spiral 3.5: Revisiting Narrative 5 weeks
Spiral 4: Research 8 weeks

Reflection Questions

  1. How are students' developmental needs, communities, and experiences being reflected and honored, or how could they be?
  2. What opportunities do you see for developing equitable access & demand, inquiry, collaboration, and assessment for learning?
  3. What are the implications for your own practice? What strengths can you build upon? What will you do first?

Want More?

Standards

http://www.thecorestandards.org/ELA-Literacy/

Contact the English Language Arts Team:

This page was last updated on August 24, 2023