First Grade - English Language Development

Priority Standards

What students will know, what students will do, and what thinking skills students will develop to apply and transfer English Language Development understandings that endure within the discipline, leverage deeper understandings, and/or support readiness for success at the next grade level. 

In first grade, focus on these critical areas:

Instruction: Signature Elements

Below are signature elements of SFUSD English Language Development instruction that students should experience regularly throughout first grade as they develop as English readers, writers, speakers, & listeners.


Below are items you should have to support your students' English Language Development instruction. If you are missing anything from the list, please first contact your site administrator or designated support. If they are unable to resolve the issue promptly, please contact the SFUSD Multilingual Pathways ELD Team.

Planning Guide

Designated ELD Lesson Guidance


1. ELD (Foundational ) Routines: 3-4 min

  • Review ELD norms
  • Chorally read/Sing poem/chant
  • Focus on one specific foundational skill (letter sounds/print/s/rhyming words/family words/sight words

2. Introduce Language Objective: (1min)

  • Today we will be learning…
  • Your job today is...

Language Objectives Keywords

I will be able to ________________ 

                                         Language Skill 

during/while _____________________ 

                                Mode of Communication   

by using/with ____________________.


3. Teaching: (20 min)

  • Review/Activate Prior Knowledge
  • Shared reading
  • Deconstructing language/Explicit teaching language skills
  • Guided practice/collaborative interactions in a collaborative structure 

Students need multiple opportunities to speak with peers to make sense of the language/use the language.

Collaborative structures resource

4. Formative Assessment: Exit Slip

  • Mostly oral (day 1-day 4)
  • Written (day 5): shared writing and individual writing with scaffolds

Reflection Questions

  1. How are students' developmental needs, communities, and experiences being reflected and honored, or how could they be?
  2. What opportunities do you see for developing equitable access & demand, inquiry, collaboration, and assessment for learning?
  3. What are the implications for your own practice? What strengths can you build upon? What will you do first?

This page was last updated on May 17, 2023